Publications

Spatial dependency in child malnutrition across 640 districts in India: need for context-specific planning and interventions

Citation:Vennam, T. R., Agnihotri, S. B., & Chinnasamy, P. (2022). Spatial dependency in child malnutrition across 640 districts in India: need for context-specific planning and interventions. Journal of Public Health. Link for the article: https://doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdac035 Short Brief: Background Child malnutrition remains a matter of concern in India as the current Read More …

Seasonal Variations in Childbirth – A Perspective from the HMIS Database (2017–20)

Citation: Nambiar, A., Choudhury, D. R., & Agnihotri, S. B. (2022). Seasonal Variations in Childbirth – A Perspective from the HMIS Database (2017–20). Economic & Political Weekly. Link for the article: https://www.epw.in/journal/2022/17/perspectives/seasonal-variations-childbirth.html Short Brief: The analysis of seasonal variations in births in India, using the Health Management Information System data for Read More …

Policy Brief: Albendazole- The Step Child of Maternal Healthcare System

This policy brief raises a concern about the persistently low rates of deworming among pregnant women, as reported through the Health Management Information System (HMIS) data. Deworming using a single dose of Albendazole during the pregnancy is an important component of the package of services under the ante-natal-care (ANC). The adverse effects of worm infestation on morbidity, malnutrition and other peri-natal outcomes are well documented. Yet coverage rates for albendazole remain significantly low compared to distribution of IFA and Ca tablets, both multi-dose, and the Tetanus Toxoid (TT) injection. This ‘coverage deficit’ for deworming service amounts to filling a ‘leaking bucket’. The helminths have the last laugh, notwithstanding the high coverage under other ANC components. It is high time that this deficit is eliminated with all seriousness.

कुपोषणावर मात – ‘लगान’ चा धडा

‘लगान’ एक दमदार चित्रपट होता. एकी, फोकस, योग्य कौशल्य व प्रशिक्षण मिळाल्यास एखादा कमकुवत संघ सुद्धा सर्व प्रतिकूल परिस्थितींवर कशी मात करू शकतो हे यातून दिसून आले. याशिवाय, स्वातंत्र्यपूर्व काळातील कथेमधे एकदिवसीय क्रिकेट चा वापर करून प्रेक्षकांशी संवाद साधण्याचं एक आगळं साधन म्हणूनही तो दमदार ठरला. कुपोषणमुक्त भारताची योजना आखण्यासाठी आपण ही या कथानकाचा उपयोग करू शकतो.

Transformation in culinary behaviour during the COVID-19 pandemic: In-depth interviews with food gatekeepers in urban India.

The present qualitative study provides first-hand information about the factors influencing dietary modifications and changes in culinary behaviours during the COVID-19 pandemic in urban India. The study included 34 female household food gatekeepers from Mumbai, India. Template Analysis Technique was used to generate themes and sub-themes from the interview data. A number of themes were identified. These included increased household cooking, food-related activities shared amongst family members, increase in culinary experiments, adopting the meal planning skills, reduced visits to the supermarkets and shift to online shopping, shortage of essential food items, bulk buying, reduced intake of outside food, increased variety of home-cooked meals, increase in snacking and overall food intake and increase in family meal episodes. Overall, both positive and negative food-related behaviours emerged in urban households during the pandemic led lockdowns.

Policy Brief: District level analysis of NFHS-4 and NFHS-5 data for Andhra Pradesh

NFHS – 4 provides, for the first time a district level data on nutritional status of children below the age of 5 years. This provides an excellent and timely opportunity to plan for eradication of child malnutrition at the district level. A quick preliminary analysis of the district level child malnutrition levels, reveals certain important aspects. This is presented below.

NFHS-4 data analysis at district level for child malnutrition in Odisha: a policy brief)

NFHS – 4 provides, for the first time a district level data on nutritional status of children below the age of 5 years. This provides an excellent and timely opportunity to plan for eradication of child malnutrition at the district level. A quick preliminary analysis of the district level child malnutrition levels, reveals certain important aspects. This is presented below.

NFHS 4 vis-à-vis NFHS 5: Progress in Maharashtra on key indicators

The National Family Health Survey (NFHS) is an important source of information on the periodic progress made on several key health indicators. Among other things, the survey tracks nutritional status of mother and child and the quality of antenatal and post-natal services at the state and district level. Recently, the NFHS 5 data (Phase-1) was released for select states and their districts facilitating for the first time a panel data analysis at the district level.

Policy Brief: Preterm delivery patterns in Jharkhand as revealed by HMIS data 2017-18 to 2019-20

This note analyses the data on preterm births in Jharkhand as available from the HMIS (Health Management Information System) data for the three pre-pandemic years 2017-18 to 2019-20. This data is important, both as surrogate for maternal health as well as early warning system for handling the burden of child malnutrition. We examine the consistency of the data, the burden and incidence of preterm births, and regional clusters, if any. It emerges that the districts – Gumla, Paschim Singhbhum and Purbi Singhbhum have high prevalence of preterm births. The analysis also reveals the need to pay attention to the tribal districts.

AARDO and IIT Bombay inaugurate international online training programme on “Food and Nutrition Security in a Post-Pandemic World”

African-Asian Rural Development Organization (AARDO) and Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Bombay today inaugurated an international online training programme on “Food and Nutrition Security in a Post-Pandemic World”. The online
training will be held between 14th to 23rd September, 2021.